North 2nd Street Corridor

Second Street is one of the widest streets in the area, and for years it served as both an open-air market and as the first highway connecting Philadelphia to New York. By 1795, this stretch of 2nd Street became an official city marketplace, complete with head house, and by 1800, the market extended three miles south. Stables housing saddle fitters punctuated the thoroughfare, and peddlers lined the street with their pushcarts hawking everything from clothing to produce and meats. Beginning in 1833, an omnibus—an early form of motorized public transport—ran down Second Street from Kensington to the Navy Yard in South Philadelphia, connecting the city's two industrial hubs. The 2nd Street market remained active into the 20th century, reinvigorated by Jewish newcomers and their market businesses.

A writer described a typical scene of a "market day" in the 1860s: "On such a day the entire street for its whole three miles was lined with wagons [sic], …so loaded with provisions as to impress the beholder with the fact that he was in the center of one of the most bountiful regions of the earth."

Commercial and social life have always coexisted on North 2nd Street. As a marketplace, highway and riverfront corridor, Second Street also has historically been a location for taverns and inns. Hotels in the Northern Liberties furnished inexpensive temporary lodgings for people seeking employment in the area's abundant mills and factories. Hotel/tavern establishments like the Black Horse Inn, on 2nd just south of Callowhill, and the Rising Sun Hotel and the Bull's Head Hotel on north 2nd between Poplar and Laurel, served the area from the 1870s into the early 20th century. These blocks also served as a social center for the neighborhoods Polish immigrants, who opened several dance halls and taverns along 2nd in the early 20th century.

References

  • Dankanis, Mary L., et al. Guide to Northern Liberties. Philadelphia: The Northern Liberties Neighbors Association, 1982.
  • Ward, Townsend. "North Second Street and its Associations." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 4, no. 1 (1880): 42 – 60.

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Greater Northern Liberties/Lower North Philadelphia

Mt. Tabor African Methodist Church Marshall Street curb market Marshall Street pushcarts mural Emmanuel Full Gospel Temple sign Exterior G. A. Bisler Paper and Box Company factory Brown St above 4th St. St. Agnes-St. John's Nepomucene Roman Catholic Church Northwest Corner of Bodine and Fairmount Ave Holy Trinity Romanian Orthodox Church North Second Street corridor Garden Looms façade Saint Michael’s and Northern Liberties Rec Center, Three Men Talking 423 Fairmount Avenue Philip Kearny School Concilio building Friends Neighborhood Guild building, 151 Fairmount Ave. Richard Allen Homes Guild House building, 1967 Edgar Allan Poe National Historical Site Building of the German Society Wedding Party, Saint Andrew’s Orthodox Church Thomas Mifflin School Ortlieb’s Remains (Liberty Lands in Winter) Madison Court, 1988 Adams & Keen, Factory Kaplan’s Bakery Philadelphia Glass Works Orianna Hill Park Crane, Demolition of the Tannery Cigar Factory Loft exterior Becker Building Gretz Brewery Salvation Army and Historical Marker Crane Co. building sign Al-Aqsa Islamic Society building "A Full and Complete Account of the Late Awful Riots in Philadelphia": Burning of St. Michael's Church, on Wednesday afternoon, May 8 Don Quixote statue Schmidt's Brewery and Tower St. Peter the Apostle Roman Catholic Church Stetson Hat Company factory, Building 15 Stores on North 5th Street Taller Puertorriqueño Congreso de Latinos Unidos Casita North Mascher Street casita Tomasita Romero and Iris Brown Norris Square, Hancock and Diamond Streets Ukranian Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception St. Nicholas Eastern Orthodox Church Bull's Head Tavern
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1930 Banquet Committee. Image provided by Elaine Ellison 3-D computer modeling of 9th Street Market. Image provided by Shimrit Keddem 4th Street market building. Image provided by Temple University Urban Archives 4th Street, 1940. Image provided by Temple University Urban Archives 900 Block of Marshall Street. Image provided by Elaine Ellison 977 N. Marshall Street. Image provided by Elaine Ellison 9th St. Market. Image provided by Temple University Urban Archives 9th St. Market. Image provided by Temple University Urban Archives 9th Street and Washington Avenue. Image provided by City of Philadelphia Department of Records 9th Street Market produce stand. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania 9th Street Market: Origins, Continuity, Change. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania African-American population on 9th Street, 1880-1920. Image provided by Shimrit Keddem Anastasi Seafood. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Anthony's Chocolate House exterior. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Anthony's Italian Coffee. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Average age on 9th Street, 1880-1920. Image provided by Shimrit Keddem B'nai Abraham synagogue. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania B'nai Abraham synagogue. Image provided by Temple University Urban Archives B'nai Abraham synagogue. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania B'nai Abraham synagogue. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania B'nai Abraham synagogue. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Back of Schmidt's Brewery. Image provided by Charles Veasey Budweiser's Bar. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Buffalo meat at D'Angelo's. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Bull's Head Tavern. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Cannuli Brothers storefront. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Cannuli Brothers storefront. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Cannuli Brothers storefront. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Cannuli Brothers storefront. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Centro de Oro. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Children of Marshall Street Store Owners. Image provided by Elaine Ellison Claudio Specialty Foods storefront. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Curb Market, 4th Street and South Street. Image provided by City of Philadelphia Department of Records Curb Market, South 9th Street and Washington Avenue to Passyunk Avenue. Image provided by City of Philadelphia Department of Records D'Angelo Brothers Meats. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania D'Angelo's Specialty Meats storefront. Image provided by Historical Society of Pennsylvania Dan Khang Nha Trang Apothecary entrance
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